LESVOS

LESVOS – the island of beauty and harmony

Lesvos or Lesbos Island, also known as Mytilene, is famous for its excellent ouzo and birthplace of the female poet Sappho. The island is blessed with Award-winning beaches, traditional villages, thermal springs, interesting architecture, more varieties of birds and wildflowers than anywhere in Europe, pine forests, medieval castles, scenic harbors with cafes and inexpensive seafood restaurants, abundant fish, museums including two of the finest art museums in Greece, hotels of every class, and some of the warmest, friendliest people in all of Greece. The climate is a mild Mediterranean climate with sunlight all year round. It is a fertile island, full of pines and olive trees that enchant every visitor. The huge variety of fauna and flora is a magnet for botanists and for bird watchers, especially in spring and in the migrating season when many birds rest in the island’s wetlands. Many visitors also come to Lesvos to dip themselves in one of the many healing hot water springs that are dotted all around the island.

Geography

Lesvos Island belongs to the Northern Aegean Islands group and is the third largest island in Greece, after Crete and Evia. It is situated between Chios and Lemnos and very close to the shores of Asia Minor. It is located almost at the entrance of the Adramytios Gulf, north of Chios and belongs to the Lesvos Prefecture that includes Limnos and Ag. Efstratios. Lesvos has a total area of about 1630 sq km, a coastline of 370 km and a population of 90.000 inhabitants who are mostly living in the capital and main port of the island, the town of Mytilene and in the second biggest town of Plomari. It is a volcanic island who has suffered from various earthquakes. Luxurious vegetation is covering Lesvos, such as numerous olive trees, verdant plains, fruit trees and vineyards. The island has no major rivers, nor lakes, but many waterfalls and streams lying in the northern part of the island. Numerous mountains are scattered around Lesvos. The highest mountain range is called Lepetymno, lying in the northern part of the island, and of which the highest pick is Mount Profitis Ilias, rising at an altitude of 968 meters. The rich fauna of the island is famous even outside the Greek borders and thousands of visitors are coming to see the various rare species of birds seeking refuge on Lesvos or the monk seals living in the caves of Skala, in Eressos.

Main destinations

Mytilene is the beautiful capital town and main port of Lesvos, located on the eastern coast of the island, opposite the shores of Turkey. It is built amphitheatrically on seven hills and is composed of various areas, old neighborhoods and picturesque suburbs. It is also the artistic, commercial and industrial centre of the island with a population of about 25.000 inhabitants and boasts many superb mansions, colourful houses, squares and impressive churches. The bustling waterfront offers plenty of pleasant sophisticated cafes and ouzeri and is a must when visiting Lesvos.

Skala Kalloni, a well developed tourist resort, beautifully situated in middle of the island. It offers modern hotel complexes and a great variety of entertainment, restaurants and shops. The village is well known for its sardines, one of the best summer delicacies. Every summer, as part of its cultural events, the municipality organizes the “Sardine Festival”, which attracts a lot of people. Skala Kalloni is also the bird watching center of the island, hosting numerous species of migrant birds in early spring. It also has a wonderful long sandy beach with shallow waters attracting many tourists as well as the locals during weekend.

Molyvos, also known as Mythimna which is its ancient name, is a unique picturesque village, with beautiful stone houses and red roofs, mansions with great architecture, well kept cobbled streets and flowers on all windows. It boasts a wonderful atmosphere of charm and discovery. Many cultural events are held in the town each year including art exhibitions, lectures, traditional folk festivals and theatrical performances. A well-preserved Byzantine castle is overlooking the village, proudly standing on the top of a hill. In this lovely village a big variety of accommodations, taverns and cafes can be found.

Eressos. The little town of Eressos, with its rich cultural tradition, is situated at the south-western end of the island. Accommodations, shops, taverns, cafes and bars are available as well as a wonderful 2km long sandy beach called Skala Eressou, located at 3 kilometers south of the town. It’s the most organized tourist resort in Lesvos and its crystal blue water and golden beach appeal to the most demanding visitors. Every year this beach receives the “Blue Flag” award. Skala Eressou is a popular destination for honeymooners and favorite weekend beach destination for the locals. The hill of Vigla overlooks the village; this is where the ancient citadel of Eresos and the ancient Genovese castle used to be situated. Eressos is also the birthplace of the famous female poet Sappho and each summer the village hosts the international women’s festival.

Petra village became a highly developed tourist resort located at the northwest tip of the island, surrounded by a wonderful lush green valley. A wide range of hotels, rooms, guesthouses, restaurants, cafés and bars make it a lively place without however spoiling its beauty nor spoiling its traditional character. However, its main attraction is its 40-metre high rock on top of which the Church of the Virgin is built. Petra boasts a wonderful sandy beach well equipped with sunshades, sun loungers & sea sports. Just opposite Petra you can see four islets which have been declared protected wildlife bird zones serving at the same time as bird observatories. Within shouting distance from Petra lies Petri, a village surrounded by chestnut trees and tall rows of poplars. The view is majestic. Here you will enjoy one of the most beautiful sunsets on the island; the sun glows red as it sinks slowly below the horizon.

History

Lesvos is the homeland of great personalities that glorified the island at all historic times such the female poet Sappho, who lived in the 7th century BC and wrote wonderful poems about her lesbian relationships as well as hymns, love songs and poems on various themes. It is also the birthplace of the writer Aesop, of the philosophers Aristotle and Epicurus, of the famous poet Odysseas Elytis and of the painter Theophilos. Lesvos has always been a favorite location for artists, writers and romantics.

In prehistoric times, it was called Lassia due to its luxuriant forest vegetation. It was also called Imerti (meaning delicious), Pelasgia, Eolida and Makaria. The name Lesvos was derived from the mythical hero Lesvos who came here with Lapithes from Thessaly and married Mythimna, the daughter of the settler Makaras.

During prehistoric times it was a significant cultural centre of the Northeast Aegean Sea, and it flourished economically, commercially and culturally during Archaic times (7th century BC), when it became a centre of artistic and philosophical achievement and a great maritime power. Later Lesvos was conquered by the Persians, then captured by the Athenians and in the 4th century BC, the island became a part of the Macedonian Empire and, after the death of Alexander the Great, it fell under the rule of the Ptolemies. In 88 BC, the Romans conquered Lesvos, uniting it with the Roman Empire. After the fall of the empire, the island was successively occupied by Saracen and Latins and eventually became a part of Byzantium in 1261.

After the fall of Byzantium, Lesvos fell under the rule of Genoa which lasted until 1460, when they were replaced by the Ottomans. Despite the Ottoman slavery, the inhabitants of Lesvos cultivated their faith and hope for freedom. The monasteries and churches were turned into intellectual and revolutionary centers and secret schools were founded.

During the 1821 Greek War of Independence, many of the island's residents were fighters and members of Filiki Etairia. In 1824, the islanders revolted against their oppressors but the revolution was drowned in blood. Lesvos was finally liberated in November 1912 and under the Treaty of Lausanne, it was united to the rest of Greece in 1923. Many refugees from the Asia Minor coast settled on the island after the Asia Minor Disaster (1922) and the population exchange agreement, giving a new economical and cultural flourishment to the local society. To honour the refugees, the authorities have created the statue of Asia Minor Mother in Mytilene. Lesvos was conquered for a last time by the Germans during World War II and was set free on the 10th of September 1944.

Gastronomy

Lesvos offers a fine cuisine with well-balanced combinations of tastes and aromas. Seasonal, local vegetables allowed to mature under the Aegean sun, free grazing sheep and goats giving the meat and milk its unique taste, wild growing herbs, the many cheeses, (famous is the ladotyri - cheese matured in olive oil), the tasty fish and plenty of good olive oil - combined with local ouzo or wine. Ouzo has a 200 years tradition on Lesvos, and special ouzo-mezedes (small appetizers) have got a new popularity. With the Gulf of Kalloni being especially rich, the seafood on Lesvos is unique and sought after.

Some traditional dishes are meat with quince, stuffed lamb, potato and meat stew, spicy meatballs, sougania (onion meatballs), dolmades (vine leaves stuffed with rice), zucchini flowers stuffed with rice of cheese, zucchini balls, onion pies, little cheese pies, sweet smelling homemade pastry, and on the other hand the taste of the sea: the sardines of Kalloni are considered the best in Greece, and many come to enjoy these and the tasty oysters. There is also a variety of fresh fish, scallops, clamps with spinach or rice, shrimps (usually served in small frying pan), anchovies and types of mackerel. Other specialties are Sfouggato, the local vegetable marrow, and kiskieki, a special mix of minced meat and wheat often found at festivals and religious events. The desserts of the island are also very interesting: maybe the best marzipan in the country, baklava (pastry) with almonds and olive oil scented with mastic and rose water, honey sweet halva made with fresh cheese.

With a history so connected to Asia Minor, many typical dishes on Lesvos are common with those found in parts of Turkey today, while not so usual on mainland Greece. One example is Imam, baked eggplant; another is Soutzoukakia, spice, tasty meatballs in tomato sauce. The pastry-sweet baklava has the same name in Turkey, and Greek coffee is made and drunk after the same principles as in the neighbouring country.

Highlights

 

Churches and Monasteries

  • The church Glykfylousa Panagia (Our Lady of the Sweet Kiss) sits on top of a giant rock in the center of Petra village. You reach the top of the rock by climbing the 114 steps carved into the stone. From the church the view of Petra and the surrounding sea and countryside is spectacular extending all the way to the coast of Asia Minor.
  • Limonos Monastery, built in 1523 is a large cluster of buildings between Kaloni and Filia. It is an important spiritual center on the island with a museum, a library and social services. Overnight stays are possible. They have a festival here celebrating Ag. Ignatius on the second weekend of October.
  • Monastery of Agiou Raphael in Thermi. People come from all over Greece to the shrine of the Newly Sanctified Martyrs of Raphael, the Father Superior of the destroyed monastery, of Nicolas, the deacon, and the young Irene, all three of whom died as martyrs at the hands of the Turks in 1463. A miracle was responsible for the discovery of the bodies of the saints, by Angelos Rallis, who donated the land for the monastery. This monastery is constantly visited year-round by pilgrims searching for a miracle. The complex has rooms for overnight stays.
  • In Skala Sykaminias you will find the little church of the Panagia Tis Gorgonas (The Mermaid Madonna) or also known as Panagia Ton Psaradon (The Madonna of the Fishermen).

 

 

Museums

  • Georgios Iakovidis Digital Art Museum. Located in the tiny village of Chidera on the road between Kalloni and Eressos near the village of Vatousa is Greece's first digital art museum and one of the few in Europe. With backlit digital photos the viewer is able to see the art as it must have looked when painted over a century ago. Iakovidis is probably Greece's greatest painter. Had he been born French or Dutch his name would be a household word.
  • Theophilos Museum. This is located in the delightfully cool region of Akrotiri in the suburb of Varia, four km from the town of Mytilini just off the road to the airport. It was built at the instigation and expense of the art critic Stratis Eleftheriades alias Teriades who was from Lesvos. The museum is divided into five halls and houses 86 works by the folk painter Theophilos Chatzimicheal who was recognized as a great folk artist after his death following a life where he lived in poverty and had to paint the walls of kafeneons for food. There are some of his works visible in old buildings around the island and in the area called Karini near Agiassos you can see the hollowed out tree where he actually lived and painted.
  • The Teriade Library / Museum of Modern Art. In the same region of Varia, which has been characterized as a landscape of exceptional beauty, Teriade erected at his own expense, a building which houses his publications. It is in a marvelous olive grove where his family home also stands. The contents of the museum consist of twenty-nine rare books by the art critic with hundreds of pictures done by the great artists of our time, Picasso, Matisse, Giacometti, Chagall, Le Corbusier, Miro and others.
  • One of the most fascinating museums in Lesvos, and one of the newest is the Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest in Sigri, located at the top of the village where you can see some splendid examples of petrified wood and see the geologic history of the island through the museum's many exhibits.
  • The Barbayiannis Ouzo Museum in Plomari is located next to the modern, privately-owned distilleries of the Barbayannis ouzo production facilities. In the museum visitors can see the original equipment used to bottle and label the famous Ouzo Barbayanni Blue, as well as the first alembic, constructed in 1858 in Constantinople, used for testing century-old secrets and techniques, and to compose the recipes of the Barbayannis family. The Ouzo Museum respectfully embraces tradition and is the home of the secret of the quality and taste found in Ouzo Barbayanni.
  • The Mansion of Vareltzidena in Petra has been characterized a preserved monument. Its architectural rhythm is Macedonian with a characteristic painting and a wooden sculptured decoration. It is built in the beginning of the 18th century and it is named after its last inhabitant, an old lady, who died in 1940, when she was 100 years old. In 1963, the Ministry of Civilization bought it from Vareltzidena's heirs. The house consists of two stories (a ground floor and one floor upstairs). In the ground floor there is a big storeroom, where olive oil and wine was stored. In the upstairs floor there is a big reception room and around it rooms. In one of these rooms the landlord used to invite the notables of the village in order to discuss the village's problems. The throne of the landlord still exists and on it we can see his coat of arms. The ceiling is decorated with a pigeon, the symbolism of the Peace. On the roof of the mansion there is a hiding-place, where the owners were hiding from the pirates. In the ladies living room, on the walls there are paintings that represent Constantinople.

 

 

Castles / ancient sites

  • Molyvos. The castle that crowns the heights of the town is from Byzantine times and was later repaired by Francesco Gattelousi. In terms of majesty and size it is the second most impressive on the island. During the summer months it is used for concerts and cultural events.
  • Mytilini. The castle located on the north side of Mytilini and overlooks the city is one of the largest in the eastern Mediterranean. Its foundations were laid during the time of Justinian on the ruins of an even older fortification which can still be seen in sections of the walls. It has been used and rebuilt by the Romans, Byzantines, Venetians and the Turks and is now used in the summer for cultural events for example a concert by the Scorpions, or local opera singer Joanna Karvelas. There are also underground tunnels which cover a large area beneath the castle and the hill.
  • The Roman aqueduct at Moria. Approximately 600 meters to the west of the village of Moria rise up the impressive arches of the great aqueduct built by the Romans. It is the remains of a fantastic technical achievement of the first 3 centuries AD, which began in the region of Agiassos and passed through the villages of Lambou Mylou and Larsos, supplying Mytilini with water.

 

 

Thermal baths / healing springs

  • Thermi. Once believed to be the spring of the goddess Artemis, Thermi has a modern double domed bath house built in front of the ancient ones which are now closed to the public. The springs are recommended for treatment of the usual problems of rheumatism, arthritis and sciatica but also claim to help with hypertension, gall bladder, liver and lymphatic problems. Inhaling the steam is also said to help with bronchial catarrh. The temperature is around 40°C.
  • Polichnitos. The splendidly domed and recently restored thermal baths boast the hottest waters in Europe with temperatures from 70°C to more than 90°C. The springs have been used since ancient times. These are two mineral springs open to the public near the banks of the Almyropotamus River about 60m above the sea shore in a landscape that resembles another planet. There are five springs of which only three are used. The main bath house has separate pools for males and females and there are showers and changing rooms. The waters are said to aid sufferers of chronic rheumatism and arthritis as well as gynecological problems. Gently steaming pools can be found over the whole area.
  • Lisvori. The waters here are iron stained and contain chlorine and natrium. They are hot - around 70°C and are said to help cure rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological and dermatological infections. They are known locally as Agios Ioannis, with springs on both banks of the river and in exceptionally beautiful countryside about 3km from the village of Lisvori. The springs are in two separate buildings, only one of which is open and there are nine rooms as well as a public domed semi-circular bathing pool.
  • Eftalou. Hot springs reach around 45°C and the waters are said to be high in sodium chloride (salt) and good for the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, sciatica, neuralgia and gynecological infections. The renovated main building houses modern baths next to the old domed bath house. The original bath house has great charm with an entrance through some gardens to an outer chamber, where you leave your clothes before stepping down into the bath itself. The new building has six private rooms and a public pool. The baths are located at the northwestern tip of Lesvos about 4km from Molyvos.
  • Geras. Geras or Yeras springs are found on the Gulf of Yeras and are sometimes call Therma Springs. These are the largest baths on Lesvos with separate pools for males and females. Recommended for rheumatism, arthritis and bronchitis the temperature is around 40°C. Alongside the main baths is a café overlooking the bay and there is fine swimming to be had in the shallow waters off the small beach. The weather in Lesvos is typically Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers and many days sunshine. The meltemi wind can be strong in high summer and dry and warm when it blows from the southwest. The mean annual temperature is 18°C and the mean annual rainfall is 750 mm. Its exceptional sunshine makes it one of the sunniest islands in the Aegean Sea. Snow and low temperatures are rare.
  • Petrified Forest. The road north out of Eressos takes you past the island's much advertised PETRIFIED FOREST which was formed when the Mt. Olympos erupted and drowned the trees in ash, an estimated 20million years or so ago. Earth tremors helped submerge the forest further, eventually turning the trees to stone. At 3 km across it is bigger than the better known Petrified forest in Arizona. But generations of souvenir hunters have walked off with the best examples and what few tree stumps remains can sadly disappoint those making the 2km walk from Sigri to see them. Locals seem amazed that anyone would want to trek through barren countryside to look at such a meager collection of dried up tree stumps and they may have a point. Set high on a former volcano is the handsome IPSILOU monastery founded in the 9th century and rebuilt in the 12th. It well worth a visit just to enjoy the splendid courtyard, small museum of ecclesiastical oddments and inevitable bits of petrified wood. It once had some fine frescoes but these were touched-up in the early 1990s and no longer worth seeing. Visitors must also ignore the cluster military buildings that share the same site if they want to enjoy the heady views.

 

Events

  • Ouzo festival

    During the first days of August at the town of Mytilene, the Ouzo Festival takes place, one of the most important gastronomical events in Greece, giving the possibility to taste the excellent ouzo of Lesvos, accompanied with various local appetizers and traditional Greek music and dancing performances.

  • The Bull festival

    In June or early July, the village Agia Paraskevi west of Kalloni is host to the famous and unusual “Festival of the Bull”. A decorated bull is led though the streets, touched for luck, and in the end cooked and served to the participants. Four days to an end this festival is about eating, drinking and dancing to live music in the streets, the last day also with popular horse-races just outside of the village.

  • The International woman’s festival

    The International Eressos Women's Festival is a non-profit making event which celebrates the history, culture, achievements and diversity of women. All women are welcome, included and celebrated here, regardless of their race, age, interests, or sexuality, whether they are newcomers to this beautiful island, or have made Lesvos their holiday place many times before. It is an opportunity to join in events, to make new friends, to network and meet women with exciting new ideas, learn new skills, share your own talents and for a lot of simple fun with a taste of Greek culture.

  • Sardine festival

    Normally in late July or early August, Skala Kallonis is host to the popular “Sardine Festival”; the annual festival dedicated to the famous sardines from the Gulf of Kalloni. The main square of the village is transformed into an open air eatery and the streets fill with the festive smell of barbequed sardines, island ouzo, hot sweets and nuts, with rows of sellers offering their varied items, and live Greek music until late in the night. The event stretches over four days, from Thursday to Sunday.

Other activities

Birdwatching
Since the early 1990s, Lesvos has quite rightly established itself as one of the best bird watching locations within Europe. The island attracts a wide variety of migratory birds throughout the year. Blessed with flowing bodies of water, Lesvos is proud of its many ecosystems that provide crucial shelter to species rarely seen in the rest of the continent, such as Black Storks, Ruddy Shelducks and Kruper’s Nuthatch. Avid birdwatchers will enjoy the many wetlands that attract flamingoes, harriers, kingfishers, goshawk, eagles, buzzards, cormorants, falcons and kestrels, among other species.

The Bay of Kalloni is a magnet for alternative tourism set within a lush valley packed full of wildlife; it provides the perfect base for a bird watching destination with its salt marshes, rivers and estuaries. The entire marine area encompassed by the bay together with the wetlands around its perimeter comprises an ecosystem that is particularly important for the impressively large variety of bird species that are observed here by visitors from all around Europe.

Secondly is Vatera Wetland. This river estuary is buzzing with varied species of flora and fauna and of course many birds. Another must-see is the Dipi Larsos wetland which features beautiful flora and rare reptiles as well as migratory birds.

The spring and autumn months are the perfect time to visit Lesvos for bird watching – especially April – when a huge amount of species are in residence or passing through.

Excursion program

Boat BBQ with boat 'Mercury Express'

Boat BBQ with boat “Mercury Express”

We leave Molyvos harbour at 10:30 to spend a relaxing day cruising along to the north coast line, where we can relax and unwind, soak up the sun while taking stunning views. We will anchor the boat in the area of Korakias, close to a beach.

Please note that the boat cannot get all the way to the coast.

You can swim or explore the underwater world by snorkelling. Maybe you just want to sunbath and relax on the boat, while you wait for the captain and his crew to prepare the barbeque. The BBQ includes souvlaki-kebab, potato, salad, tzatziki, feta, bread and 1 refreshment or 1 wine.

Type of excursion: Full day
Should take: Swimsuit, sun protection, comfortable shoes, camera

Stops Approximate time of stay
1 stop at Skala Sikaminia From 10.30 - 16.30.
To Skala Sikaminia

To Skala Sikaminia (day)

Departure from Molyvos harbour at 10:30. The boat will follow the coast-line in direction north, passing the area of Eftalou towards the small village of Skala Sikaminia.

There you are free to spend your day as you like – for example you can walk about 10 minutes to “Kagia” beach, where you can swim, snorkel or take a sunbath.

There are several small taverns where you can have lunch (not included in ticket price) and you can visit the small church on the rock. Departure from Skala Sikaminia is around 15:00 and arrival at Molyvos at 16:00.

Type of excursion: Recreation, Culture, civilization / half day
Should take: Comfortable shoes, camera, and swimming suite

Stops Approximate time of stay
Skala Sikaminia 4 hours
Wild West

Wild West

We leave the north of Lesvos and we head to the centre of the island, the area of Kalloni. One of the things that will amaze us today will be the change in the landscape as we drive through a small pine tree forest and the fertile plains that surround the bay of Kalloni. Later as we reach the west part, we drive through oak trees and finally we reach the “wild west”, the dry volcanic area of the Petrified Forest.

Kalloni is situated in the centre of Lesvos and its name means “beauty”. We make our first stop at the Limonos Monastery (entrance fee not included). This is the biggest monastery on the island today. It was built in 1526 by a priest called Ignatius on the spot where an old monastery of Archangel Michael pre-existed. In Limonos we can visit the museum to see old Byzantine icons and the third richest collection of manuscripts in Greece from the 9th century to the 19th century.

There are more than 50 chapels, lovely garden and the old cells of the monks, which the guests can visit. In the main church and its surrounding yard, women should not enter according to an old tradition of the monastery.We continue towards the west and we stop in the village of Vatoussa, a mountain village with a picturesque square for a coffee or a breakfast of fresh farm eggs omelette and traditional Greek pastries (not included in ticket price). Then we will head down to the Petrified Forest (entrance fee not included).

20 million years ago, this land was covered by a dense sub-tropical forest. After intense geological and volcanic activity the trees were covered by volcanic ash due to chemical reactions the wood turned to stone. Last stop of the day is in Skala Eressos. Eressos is the birthplace of Sappho, a famous poetess of the 6th century BC. Skala Eressos is famous today for its long, sandy beach, the crystal-clear water and the taverns where you can enjoy your lunch (not included in ticket price). We return via Agra - Parakila - Kalloni to resorts. Approx. return time: 17.30.

Note: In the beginning of the season we will not visit Skala Eressos as it is too cold to swim. Instead we visit Sigri, with a Geological Museum (not included in price). Lunch can be enjoyed in the village, especially a fish meal. We return via the same road.

Type of excursion: Recreation, Culture, civilization / full day
Should take: Comfortable shoes, camera, and swimming suite

Stops Approximate time of stay
Limonos Monastery 1 hour
Vatoussa ½ hour
Petrified forest 1 hour
Skala Eressos 2 hours
Turkey - Pergamon with visit Askleipion

Turkey - Pergamon with visit Askleipion

Departure early in the morning by bus to Mytilini, from where the boat departs to Turkey (Ayvalik).The cruise will take about 1 hour and 20 min. As soon as we pass the customs in Ayvalik, we drive along the coast to Pergamum to visit the Askleipion (with an English speaking guide). After the sightseeing we are going for lunch in one of the Turkish restaurants where we have the chance to taste the main food of this country.

On the way back we visit a carpet-production, where we will see how they are making the carpets. Back in Ayvalik you have the time to visit the shops or have a coffee.

At 18.00 the boat is departing for Mytilini.

At approx. at 21:30 you will be back in your hotel.

Type of excursion: Recreation, Culture, civilization / full day
Should take: Comfortable shoes, camera

Stops Approximate time of stay
Pergamon 5 hours
Askleipion 1 hour
Ayvalik 1 hour
 

LESVOS

LESVOS – the island of beauty and harmony

Lesvos or Lesbos Island, also known as Mytilene, is famous for its excellent ouzo and birthplace of the female poet Sappho. The island is blessed with Award-winning beaches, traditional villages, thermal springs, interesting architecture, more varieties of birds and wildflowers than anywhere in Europe, pine forests, medieval castles, scenic harbors with cafes and inexpensive seafood restaurants, abundant fish, museums including two of the finest art museums in Greece, hotels of every class, and some of the warmest, friendliest people in all of Greece. The climate is a mild Mediterranean climate with sunlight all year round. It is a fertile island, full of pines and olive trees that enchant every visitor. The huge variety of fauna and flora is a magnet for botanists and for bird watchers, especially in spring and in the migrating season when many birds rest in the island’s wetlands. Many visitors also come to Lesvos to dip themselves in one of the many healing hot water springs that are dotted all around the island.

Geography

Lesvos Island belongs to the Northern Aegean Islands group and is the third largest island in Greece, after Crete and Evia. It is situated between Chios and Lemnos and very close to the shores of Asia Minor. It is located almost at the entrance of the Adramytios Gulf, north of Chios and belongs to the Lesvos Prefecture that includes Limnos and Ag. Efstratios. Lesvos has a total area of about 1630 sq km, a coastline of 370 km and a population of 90.000 inhabitants who are mostly living in the capital and main port of the island, the town of Mytilene and in the second biggest town of Plomari. It is a volcanic island who has suffered from various earthquakes. Luxurious vegetation is covering Lesvos, such as numerous olive trees, verdant plains, fruit trees and vineyards. The island has no major rivers, nor lakes, but many waterfalls and streams lying in the northern part of the island. Numerous mountains are scattered around Lesvos. The highest mountain range is called Lepetymno, lying in the northern part of the island, and of which the highest pick is Mount Profitis Ilias, rising at an altitude of 968 meters. The rich fauna of the island is famous even outside the Greek borders and thousands of visitors are coming to see the various rare species of birds seeking refuge on Lesvos or the monk seals living in the caves of Skala, in Eressos.

Main destinations

Mytilene is the beautiful capital town and main port of Lesvos, located on the eastern coast of the island, opposite the shores of Turkey. It is built amphitheatrically on seven hills and is composed of various areas, old neighborhoods and picturesque suburbs. It is also the artistic, commercial and industrial centre of the island with a population of about 25.000 inhabitants and boasts many superb mansions, colourful houses, squares and impressive churches. The bustling waterfront offers plenty of pleasant sophisticated cafes and ouzeri and is a must when visiting Lesvos.

Skala Kalloni, a well developed tourist resort, beautifully situated in middle of the island. It offers modern hotel complexes and a great variety of entertainment, restaurants and shops. The village is well known for its sardines, one of the best summer delicacies. Every summer, as part of its cultural events, the municipality organizes the “Sardine Festival”, which attracts a lot of people. Skala Kalloni is also the bird watching center of the island, hosting numerous species of migrant birds in early spring. It also has a wonderful long sandy beach with shallow waters attracting many tourists as well as the locals during weekend.

Molyvos, also known as Mythimna which is its ancient name, is a unique picturesque village, with beautiful stone houses and red roofs, mansions with great architecture, well kept cobbled streets and flowers on all windows. It boasts a wonderful atmosphere of charm and discovery. Many cultural events are held in the town each year including art exhibitions, lectures, traditional folk festivals and theatrical performances. A well-preserved Byzantine castle is overlooking the village, proudly standing on the top of a hill. In this lovely village a big variety of accommodations, taverns and cafes can be found.

Eressos. The little town of Eressos, with its rich cultural tradition, is situated at the south-western end of the island. Accommodations, shops, taverns, cafes and bars are available as well as a wonderful 2km long sandy beach called Skala Eressou, located at 3 kilometers south of the town. It’s the most organized tourist resort in Lesvos and its crystal blue water and golden beach appeal to the most demanding visitors. Every year this beach receives the “Blue Flag” award. Skala Eressou is a popular destination for honeymooners and favorite weekend beach destination for the locals. The hill of Vigla overlooks the village; this is where the ancient citadel of Eresos and the ancient Genovese castle used to be situated. Eressos is also the birthplace of the famous female poet Sappho and each summer the village hosts the international women’s festival.

Petra village became a highly developed tourist resort located at the northwest tip of the island, surrounded by a wonderful lush green valley. A wide range of hotels, rooms, guesthouses, restaurants, cafés and bars make it a lively place without however spoiling its beauty nor spoiling its traditional character. However, its main attraction is its 40-metre high rock on top of which the Church of the Virgin is built. Petra boasts a wonderful sandy beach well equipped with sunshades, sun loungers & sea sports. Just opposite Petra you can see four islets which have been declared protected wildlife bird zones serving at the same time as bird observatories. Within shouting distance from Petra lies Petri, a village surrounded by chestnut trees and tall rows of poplars. The view is majestic. Here you will enjoy one of the most beautiful sunsets on the island; the sun glows red as it sinks slowly below the horizon.

History

Lesvos is the homeland of great personalities that glorified the island at all historic times such the female poet Sappho, who lived in the 7th century BC and wrote wonderful poems about her lesbian relationships as well as hymns, love songs and poems on various themes. It is also the birthplace of the writer Aesop, of the philosophers Aristotle and Epicurus, of the famous poet Odysseas Elytis and of the painter Theophilos. Lesvos has always been a favorite location for artists, writers and romantics.

In prehistoric times, it was called Lassia due to its luxuriant forest vegetation. It was also called Imerti (meaning delicious), Pelasgia, Eolida and Makaria. The name Lesvos was derived from the mythical hero Lesvos who came here with Lapithes from Thessaly and married Mythimna, the daughter of the settler Makaras.

During prehistoric times it was a significant cultural centre of the Northeast Aegean Sea, and it flourished economically, commercially and culturally during Archaic times (7th century BC), when it became a centre of artistic and philosophical achievement and a great maritime power. Later Lesvos was conquered by the Persians, then captured by the Athenians and in the 4th century BC, the island became a part of the Macedonian Empire and, after the death of Alexander the Great, it fell under the rule of the Ptolemies. In 88 BC, the Romans conquered Lesvos, uniting it with the Roman Empire. After the fall of the empire, the island was successively occupied by Saracen and Latins and eventually became a part of Byzantium in 1261.

After the fall of Byzantium, Lesvos fell under the rule of Genoa which lasted until 1460, when they were replaced by the Ottomans. Despite the Ottoman slavery, the inhabitants of Lesvos cultivated their faith and hope for freedom. The monasteries and churches were turned into intellectual and revolutionary centers and secret schools were founded.

During the 1821 Greek War of Independence, many of the island's residents were fighters and members of Filiki Etairia. In 1824, the islanders revolted against their oppressors but the revolution was drowned in blood. Lesvos was finally liberated in November 1912 and under the Treaty of Lausanne, it was united to the rest of Greece in 1923. Many refugees from the Asia Minor coast settled on the island after the Asia Minor Disaster (1922) and the population exchange agreement, giving a new economical and cultural flourishment to the local society. To honour the refugees, the authorities have created the statue of Asia Minor Mother in Mytilene. Lesvos was conquered for a last time by the Germans during World War II and was set free on the 10th of September 1944.

Gastronomy

Lesvos offers a fine cuisine with well-balanced combinations of tastes and aromas. Seasonal, local vegetables allowed to mature under the Aegean sun, free grazing sheep and goats giving the meat and milk its unique taste, wild growing herbs, the many cheeses, (famous is the ladotyri - cheese matured in olive oil), the tasty fish and plenty of good olive oil - combined with local ouzo or wine. Ouzo has a 200 years tradition on Lesvos, and special ouzo-mezedes (small appetizers) have got a new popularity. With the Gulf of Kalloni being especially rich, the seafood on Lesvos is unique and sought after.

Some traditional dishes are meat with quince, stuffed lamb, potato and meat stew, spicy meatballs, sougania (onion meatballs), dolmades (vine leaves stuffed with rice), zucchini flowers stuffed with rice of cheese, zucchini balls, onion pies, little cheese pies, sweet smelling homemade pastry, and on the other hand the taste of the sea: the sardines of Kalloni are considered the best in Greece, and many come to enjoy these and the tasty oysters. There is also a variety of fresh fish, scallops, clamps with spinach or rice, shrimps (usually served in small frying pan), anchovies and types of mackerel. Other specialties are Sfouggato, the local vegetable marrow, and kiskieki, a special mix of minced meat and wheat often found at festivals and religious events. The desserts of the island are also very interesting: maybe the best marzipan in the country, baklava (pastry) with almonds and olive oil scented with mastic and rose water, honey sweet halva made with fresh cheese.

With a history so connected to Asia Minor, many typical dishes on Lesvos are common with those found in parts of Turkey today, while not so usual on mainland Greece. One example is Imam, baked eggplant; another is Soutzoukakia, spice, tasty meatballs in tomato sauce. The pastry-sweet baklava has the same name in Turkey, and Greek coffee is made and drunk after the same principles as in the neighbouring country.

Highlights

 

Churches and Monasteries

  • The church Glykfylousa Panagia (Our Lady of the Sweet Kiss) sits on top of a giant rock in the center of Petra village. You reach the top of the rock by climbing the 114 steps carved into the stone. From the church the view of Petra and the surrounding sea and countryside is spectacular extending all the way to the coast of Asia Minor.
  • Limonos Monastery, built in 1523 is a large cluster of buildings between Kaloni and Filia. It is an important spiritual center on the island with a museum, a library and social services. Overnight stays are possible. They have a festival here celebrating Ag. Ignatius on the second weekend of October.
  • Monastery of Agiou Raphael in Thermi. People come from all over Greece to the shrine of the Newly Sanctified Martyrs of Raphael, the Father Superior of the destroyed monastery, of Nicolas, the deacon, and the young Irene, all three of whom died as martyrs at the hands of the Turks in 1463. A miracle was responsible for the discovery of the bodies of the saints, by Angelos Rallis, who donated the land for the monastery. This monastery is constantly visited year-round by pilgrims searching for a miracle. The complex has rooms for overnight stays.
  • In Skala Sykaminias you will find the little church of the Panagia Tis Gorgonas (The Mermaid Madonna) or also known as Panagia Ton Psaradon (The Madonna of the Fishermen).

 

 

Museums

  • Georgios Iakovidis Digital Art Museum. Located in the tiny village of Chidera on the road between Kalloni and Eressos near the village of Vatousa is Greece's first digital art museum and one of the few in Europe. With backlit digital photos the viewer is able to see the art as it must have looked when painted over a century ago. Iakovidis is probably Greece's greatest painter. Had he been born French or Dutch his name would be a household word.
  • Theophilos Museum. This is located in the delightfully cool region of Akrotiri in the suburb of Varia, four km from the town of Mytilini just off the road to the airport. It was built at the instigation and expense of the art critic Stratis Eleftheriades alias Teriades who was from Lesvos. The museum is divided into five halls and houses 86 works by the folk painter Theophilos Chatzimicheal who was recognized as a great folk artist after his death following a life where he lived in poverty and had to paint the walls of kafeneons for food. There are some of his works visible in old buildings around the island and in the area called Karini near Agiassos you can see the hollowed out tree where he actually lived and painted.
  • The Teriade Library / Museum of Modern Art. In the same region of Varia, which has been characterized as a landscape of exceptional beauty, Teriade erected at his own expense, a building which houses his publications. It is in a marvelous olive grove where his family home also stands. The contents of the museum consist of twenty-nine rare books by the art critic with hundreds of pictures done by the great artists of our time, Picasso, Matisse, Giacometti, Chagall, Le Corbusier, Miro and others.
  • One of the most fascinating museums in Lesvos, and one of the newest is the Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest in Sigri, located at the top of the village where you can see some splendid examples of petrified wood and see the geologic history of the island through the museum's many exhibits.
  • The Barbayiannis Ouzo Museum in Plomari is located next to the modern, privately-owned distilleries of the Barbayannis ouzo production facilities. In the museum visitors can see the original equipment used to bottle and label the famous Ouzo Barbayanni Blue, as well as the first alembic, constructed in 1858 in Constantinople, used for testing century-old secrets and techniques, and to compose the recipes of the Barbayannis family. The Ouzo Museum respectfully embraces tradition and is the home of the secret of the quality and taste found in Ouzo Barbayanni.
  • The Mansion of Vareltzidena in Petra has been characterized a preserved monument. Its architectural rhythm is Macedonian with a characteristic painting and a wooden sculptured decoration. It is built in the beginning of the 18th century and it is named after its last inhabitant, an old lady, who died in 1940, when she was 100 years old. In 1963, the Ministry of Civilization bought it from Vareltzidena's heirs. The house consists of two stories (a ground floor and one floor upstairs). In the ground floor there is a big storeroom, where olive oil and wine was stored. In the upstairs floor there is a big reception room and around it rooms. In one of these rooms the landlord used to invite the notables of the village in order to discuss the village's problems. The throne of the landlord still exists and on it we can see his coat of arms. The ceiling is decorated with a pigeon, the symbolism of the Peace. On the roof of the mansion there is a hiding-place, where the owners were hiding from the pirates. In the ladies living room, on the walls there are paintings that represent Constantinople.

 

 

Castles / ancient sites

  • Molyvos. The castle that crowns the heights of the town is from Byzantine times and was later repaired by Francesco Gattelousi. In terms of majesty and size it is the second most impressive on the island. During the summer months it is used for concerts and cultural events.
  • Mytilini. The castle located on the north side of Mytilini and overlooks the city is one of the largest in the eastern Mediterranean. Its foundations were laid during the time of Justinian on the ruins of an even older fortification which can still be seen in sections of the walls. It has been used and rebuilt by the Romans, Byzantines, Venetians and the Turks and is now used in the summer for cultural events for example a concert by the Scorpions, or local opera singer Joanna Karvelas. There are also underground tunnels which cover a large area beneath the castle and the hill.
  • The Roman aqueduct at Moria. Approximately 600 meters to the west of the village of Moria rise up the impressive arches of the great aqueduct built by the Romans. It is the remains of a fantastic technical achievement of the first 3 centuries AD, which began in the region of Agiassos and passed through the villages of Lambou Mylou and Larsos, supplying Mytilini with water.

 

 

Thermal baths / healing springs

  • Thermi. Once believed to be the spring of the goddess Artemis, Thermi has a modern double domed bath house built in front of the ancient ones which are now closed to the public. The springs are recommended for treatment of the usual problems of rheumatism, arthritis and sciatica but also claim to help with hypertension, gall bladder, liver and lymphatic problems. Inhaling the steam is also said to help with bronchial catarrh. The temperature is around 40°C.
  • Polichnitos. The splendidly domed and recently restored thermal baths boast the hottest waters in Europe with temperatures from 70°C to more than 90°C. The springs have been used since ancient times. These are two mineral springs open to the public near the banks of the Almyropotamus River about 60m above the sea shore in a landscape that resembles another planet. There are five springs of which only three are used. The main bath house has separate pools for males and females and there are showers and changing rooms. The waters are said to aid sufferers of chronic rheumatism and arthritis as well as gynecological problems. Gently steaming pools can be found over the whole area.
  • Lisvori. The waters here are iron stained and contain chlorine and natrium. They are hot - around 70°C and are said to help cure rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological and dermatological infections. They are known locally as Agios Ioannis, with springs on both banks of the river and in exceptionally beautiful countryside about 3km from the village of Lisvori. The springs are in two separate buildings, only one of which is open and there are nine rooms as well as a public domed semi-circular bathing pool.
  • Eftalou. Hot springs reach around 45°C and the waters are said to be high in sodium chloride (salt) and good for the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, sciatica, neuralgia and gynecological infections. The renovated main building houses modern baths next to the old domed bath house. The original bath house has great charm with an entrance through some gardens to an outer chamber, where you leave your clothes before stepping down into the bath itself. The new building has six private rooms and a public pool. The baths are located at the northwestern tip of Lesvos about 4km from Molyvos.
  • Geras. Geras or Yeras springs are found on the Gulf of Yeras and are sometimes call Therma Springs. These are the largest baths on Lesvos with separate pools for males and females. Recommended for rheumatism, arthritis and bronchitis the temperature is around 40°C. Alongside the main baths is a café overlooking the bay and there is fine swimming to be had in the shallow waters off the small beach. The weather in Lesvos is typically Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers and many days sunshine. The meltemi wind can be strong in high summer and dry and warm when it blows from the southwest. The mean annual temperature is 18°C and the mean annual rainfall is 750 mm. Its exceptional sunshine makes it one of the sunniest islands in the Aegean Sea. Snow and low temperatures are rare.
  • Petrified Forest. The road north out of Eressos takes you past the island's much advertised PETRIFIED FOREST which was formed when the Mt. Olympos erupted and drowned the trees in ash, an estimated 20million years or so ago. Earth tremors helped submerge the forest further, eventually turning the trees to stone. At 3 km across it is bigger than the better known Petrified forest in Arizona. But generations of souvenir hunters have walked off with the best examples and what few tree stumps remains can sadly disappoint those making the 2km walk from Sigri to see them. Locals seem amazed that anyone would want to trek through barren countryside to look at such a meager collection of dried up tree stumps and they may have a point. Set high on a former volcano is the handsome IPSILOU monastery founded in the 9th century and rebuilt in the 12th. It well worth a visit just to enjoy the splendid courtyard, small museum of ecclesiastical oddments and inevitable bits of petrified wood. It once had some fine frescoes but these were touched-up in the early 1990s and no longer worth seeing. Visitors must also ignore the cluster military buildings that share the same site if they want to enjoy the heady views.

 

Events

  • Ouzo festival

    During the first days of August at the town of Mytilene, the Ouzo Festival takes place, one of the most important gastronomical events in Greece, giving the possibility to taste the excellent ouzo of Lesvos, accompanied with various local appetizers and traditional Greek music and dancing performances.

  • The Bull festival

    In June or early July, the village Agia Paraskevi west of Kalloni is host to the famous and unusual “Festival of the Bull”. A decorated bull is led though the streets, touched for luck, and in the end cooked and served to the participants. Four days to an end this festival is about eating, drinking and dancing to live music in the streets, the last day also with popular horse-races just outside of the village.

  • The International woman’s festival

    The International Eressos Women's Festival is a non-profit making event which celebrates the history, culture, achievements and diversity of women. All women are welcome, included and celebrated here, regardless of their race, age, interests, or sexuality, whether they are newcomers to this beautiful island, or have made Lesvos their holiday place many times before. It is an opportunity to join in events, to make new friends, to network and meet women with exciting new ideas, learn new skills, share your own talents and for a lot of simple fun with a taste of Greek culture.

  • Sardine festival

    Normally in late July or early August, Skala Kallonis is host to the popular “Sardine Festival”; the annual festival dedicated to the famous sardines from the Gulf of Kalloni. The main square of the village is transformed into an open air eatery and the streets fill with the festive smell of barbequed sardines, island ouzo, hot sweets and nuts, with rows of sellers offering their varied items, and live Greek music until late in the night. The event stretches over four days, from Thursday to Sunday.

Other activities

Birdwatching
Since the early 1990s, Lesvos has quite rightly established itself as one of the best bird watching locations within Europe. The island attracts a wide variety of migratory birds throughout the year. Blessed with flowing bodies of water, Lesvos is proud of its many ecosystems that provide crucial shelter to species rarely seen in the rest of the continent, such as Black Storks, Ruddy Shelducks and Kruper’s Nuthatch. Avid birdwatchers will enjoy the many wetlands that attract flamingoes, harriers, kingfishers, goshawk, eagles, buzzards, cormorants, falcons and kestrels, among other species.

The Bay of Kalloni is a magnet for alternative tourism set within a lush valley packed full of wildlife; it provides the perfect base for a bird watching destination with its salt marshes, rivers and estuaries. The entire marine area encompassed by the bay together with the wetlands around its perimeter comprises an ecosystem that is particularly important for the impressively large variety of bird species that are observed here by visitors from all around Europe.

Secondly is Vatera Wetland. This river estuary is buzzing with varied species of flora and fauna and of course many birds. Another must-see is the Dipi Larsos wetland which features beautiful flora and rare reptiles as well as migratory birds.

The spring and autumn months are the perfect time to visit Lesvos for bird watching – especially April – when a huge amount of species are in residence or passing through.

Excursion program

Boat BBQ with boat 'Mercury Express'

Boat BBQ with boat “Mercury Express”

We leave Molyvos harbour at 10:30 to spend a relaxing day cruising along to the north coast line, where we can relax and unwind, soak up the sun while taking stunning views. We will anchor the boat in the area of Korakias, close to a beach.

Please note that the boat cannot get all the way to the coast.

You can swim or explore the underwater world by snorkelling. Maybe you just want to sunbath and relax on the boat, while you wait for the captain and his crew to prepare the barbeque. The BBQ includes souvlaki-kebab, potato, salad, tzatziki, feta, bread and 1 refreshment or 1 wine.

Type of excursion: Full day
Should take: Swimsuit, sun protection, comfortable shoes, camera

Stops Approximate time of stay
1 stop at Skala Sikaminia From 10.30 - 16.30.
To Skala Sikaminia

To Skala Sikaminia (day)

Departure from Molyvos harbour at 10:30. The boat will follow the coast-line in direction north, passing the area of Eftalou towards the small village of Skala Sikaminia.

There you are free to spend your day as you like – for example you can walk about 10 minutes to “Kagia” beach, where you can swim, snorkel or take a sunbath.

There are several small taverns where you can have lunch (not included in ticket price) and you can visit the small church on the rock. Departure from Skala Sikaminia is around 15:00 and arrival at Molyvos at 16:00.

Type of excursion: Recreation, Culture, civilization / half day
Should take: Comfortable shoes, camera, and swimming suite

Stops Approximate time of stay
Skala Sikaminia 4 hours
Wild West

Wild West

We leave the north of Lesvos and we head to the centre of the island, the area of Kalloni. One of the things that will amaze us today will be the change in the landscape as we drive through a small pine tree forest and the fertile plains that surround the bay of Kalloni. Later as we reach the west part, we drive through oak trees and finally we reach the “wild west”, the dry volcanic area of the Petrified Forest.

Kalloni is situated in the centre of Lesvos and its name means “beauty”. We make our first stop at the Limonos Monastery (entrance fee not included). This is the biggest monastery on the island today. It was built in 1526 by a priest called Ignatius on the spot where an old monastery of Archangel Michael pre-existed. In Limonos we can visit the museum to see old Byzantine icons and the third richest collection of manuscripts in Greece from the 9th century to the 19th century.

There are more than 50 chapels, lovely garden and the old cells of the monks, which the guests can visit. In the main church and its surrounding yard, women should not enter according to an old tradition of the monastery.We continue towards the west and we stop in the village of Vatoussa, a mountain village with a picturesque square for a coffee or a breakfast of fresh farm eggs omelette and traditional Greek pastries (not included in ticket price). Then we will head down to the Petrified Forest (entrance fee not included).

20 million years ago, this land was covered by a dense sub-tropical forest. After intense geological and volcanic activity the trees were covered by volcanic ash due to chemical reactions the wood turned to stone. Last stop of the day is in Skala Eressos. Eressos is the birthplace of Sappho, a famous poetess of the 6th century BC. Skala Eressos is famous today for its long, sandy beach, the crystal-clear water and the taverns where you can enjoy your lunch (not included in ticket price). We return via Agra - Parakila - Kalloni to resorts. Approx. return time: 17.30.

Note: In the beginning of the season we will not visit Skala Eressos as it is too cold to swim. Instead we visit Sigri, with a Geological Museum (not included in price). Lunch can be enjoyed in the village, especially a fish meal. We return via the same road.

Type of excursion: Recreation, Culture, civilization / full day
Should take: Comfortable shoes, camera, and swimming suite

Stops Approximate time of stay
Limonos Monastery 1 hour
Vatoussa ½ hour
Petrified forest 1 hour
Skala Eressos 2 hours
Turkey - Pergamon with visit Askleipion

Turkey - Pergamon with visit Askleipion

Departure early in the morning by bus to Mytilini, from where the boat departs to Turkey (Ayvalik).The cruise will take about 1 hour and 20 min. As soon as we pass the customs in Ayvalik, we drive along the coast to Pergamum to visit the Askleipion (with an English speaking guide). After the sightseeing we are going for lunch in one of the Turkish restaurants where we have the chance to taste the main food of this country.

On the way back we visit a carpet-production, where we will see how they are making the carpets. Back in Ayvalik you have the time to visit the shops or have a coffee.

At 18.00 the boat is departing for Mytilini.

At approx. at 21:30 you will be back in your hotel.

Type of excursion: Recreation, Culture, civilization / full day
Should take: Comfortable shoes, camera

Stops Approximate time of stay
Pergamon 5 hours
Askleipion 1 hour
Ayvalik 1 hour